Author instructions - TEXTBOOK


VBCT Publication centre includes a wide domain of various fields of research which provides an outstanding platform for the researchers/authors to contribute and access a world-wide knowledge based services and products. We invites unpublished articles, original, empirical and highquality research work pertaining to recent developments & practices in the areas, but not limited to:

Manuscript Preparation

To guarantee a smooth publication process and a seamless transformation of your manuscript into the final layout and various electronic formats (e.g., HTML for online publication, ePub for e-book readers), the manuscript needs to be structured as follows:

• Front Matter: Title page, Dedication (optional), Foreword (optional), Preface (optional), About this Book, Table of Contents, List of Abbreviations (optional).

• Text Body: It comprises the chapters containing the content of the textbook, i.e., text, figures, tables, and references. Chapters can be grouped together in parts.

• Back Matter: After the last chapter, the back matter can contain an appendix, a glossary, and/or an index, all of which are optional.

Front Matter

• The title page and the table of contents precede the actual content of a textbook.

• The preface (optional) should be about the textbook: why it was written, who it is for, its organization, or the selection of contributors. An introduction to the subject of the textbook, however, should appear as the first chapter of the textbook.

• Other optional items in the front matter at the beginning of a textbook are e.g., dedication, a foreword or a list of abbreviations.

Title Page

• Please include all author names (for contributed textbooks, the editor names) and their affiliations, the textbook title and subtitle. Ensure that the sequence of the author names is correct and the title of your textbook is final when you submit your manuscript.

• Please also supply all the email addresses and telephone numbers and in case of multiple authors or editors, clearly indicate the corresponding author or editor.

• Once the manuscript has been delivered to VBCT Production, changes to title or authorship are no longer possible.

Foreword (optional)

• If you intend to include a foreword, please submit it with the manuscript.

Preface (optional)

• A preface should not contain a reference list.

• An introduction to the subject of the textbook should not be confused with a preface. The introduction does not belong in the front matter, but should appear as the first chapter of the textbook.

About this Book (optional)

• About this Book should explain how the book can be used to build/teach a course. It may include any student prerequisites and list which chapters are compulsory for student understanding and which are supplementary.

Table of Contents

• List all parts, chapters, and back matter material (e.g., an index) in the final sequence.

• Use Arabic numerals and number the chapters consecutively throughout the textbook (Chapter 1, Chapter 2, etc.), i.e., do not start anew with each part.

• If there are parts, use Roman numerals for parts (Part I, Part II, etc.).


Chapters contain the actual content of the textbook, i.e., text, figures, tables, and references. Chapters can be grouped together in parts; subparts are not possible. Only one chapter (i.e., an introduction) may precede the first part and would be the first chapter.

• If an introduction to the subject of the textbook (historical background, definitions, or methodology) is included, it should appear as the first chapter and thus be included in the chapter numbering. It can contain references, figures, and tables, just as any other chapter.


• Either British or American English can be used consistently throughout the book. In contributed textbooks chapter-wise consistency is accepted.

• Check for consistent spelling of names, terms, and abbreviations, including in tables and figure captions.

Chapter Title and Authors

• For contributed volumes, please include each chapter’s authors’ names (spelled out as they would be cited), affiliations and e-mail addresses and telephone numbers after the chapter title. (The telephone number will not be published but may be needed as contact information during the publishing process.)

• For contributed volumes, chapter authors should not number their chapter.


• Begin each chapter with an abstract that summarizes the content of the chapter in 150 to 250 words. The abstract will appear online at VBCT website and be available with unrestricted access to facilitate online searching, using, e.g., Google, and allow unregistered users to read the abstract as a teaser for the complete chapter.

• If no abstract is submitted, we will use the first paragraph of the chapter instead.

Terminology, Units and Abbreviations

• Technical terms and abbreviations should be defined the first time they appear in the text.

• Please always use internationally accepted signs and symbols for units, so-called SI units.

• Numerals should follow the British/American method of decimal points to indicate decimals and commas to separate thousands.

Formal Style and Text Formatting

• Manuscripts will be checked by a copy editor for formal style. VBCT follows certain standards with regard to the presentation of the content, and the copy editors make sure that the manuscript conforms to these styles.

Chapter introduction

• This sets the chapter in context and connects it with the rest of the book. It should explain what students will learn in the chapter.


• Give each table a caption. Add a reference citation to the table source at the end of the caption, if necessary.

• Number tables consecutively using the chapter number (e.g. Table 1.1 for the first table in Chap. 1) and ensure that all tables are cited in the text in sequential order. Do not write “the following table”.

• Use the table function to create and format tables. Do not use the space bar or multiple tabs to separate columns and do not use Excel to create tables as this can cause problems when converting your tables into the typesetting program and other formats.

Figures and Illustrations


• Number the figures chapter-wise using the chapter number (e.g., Fig. 1.1 for the first figure in Chap. 1) and ensure that all figures are cited in the text in sequential order. Do not write “the following figure”.

Figure Captions

• Give each figure a concise caption, describing accurately what the figure depicts. Include the captions at the end of the text file, not in the figure file.

• Identify all elements found in the figure in the figure caption and use boxes, circles, etc. as coordinate points in graphs instead of color lines.

• If a figure is reproduced from a previous publication, include the source as the last item in the caption.

Figure and Illustration Files

A figure is an object that is drawn or photographed. It does not consist solely of characters and thus cannot be keyed.

• Do not submit tabular material as figures.

• Graphics and diagrams should be saved as EPS files with the fonts embedded. Microsoft Office files (Excel or PowerPoint) can be submitted in the original format (xls, xlsx, ppt, pptx). Scanned graphics in TIFF format should have a minimum resolution of 1200 dpi.

• Photos or drawings with fine shading should be saved as TIFF with a minimum resolution of 300 dpi. The compression mode should be LZW.

• A combination of halftone and line art (e.g., photos containing line drawings or extensive lettering, color diagrams, etc.) should be saved as TIFF with a minimum resolution of 600 dpi.


4.5.1 Reference Citations

• Cite references in the text with author name/s and year of publication in parentheses (“Harvard system”): – One author: (Debata 1991) or Debata (1991)

– Two authors: (Debata and Panda 1994) or Debata and Panda (1994)

– Three authors or more: (Debata et al. 1995) or Panda et al. (1995)

• If it is customary in your field, you can also cite with reference numbers in square brackets either sequential by citation or according to the sequence in an alphabetized list: – [3, 7, 12].

4.5.2 Reference List

• Include a reference list at the end of each chapter so that readers of single chapters of the eBook can make full use of the citations. References at the end of the textbook cannot be linked to citations in the chapters. Please do not include reference lists at the end of a chapter section, at the end of a textbook part, in a preface or an appendix.

• Include all works that are cited in the chapter and that have been published (including on the Internet) or accepted for publication. Personal communications and unpublished works should only be mentioned in the text. Do not use footnotes as a substitute for a reference list.

• Entries in the list must be listed alphabetically except in the numbered system of sequential citation. The rules for alphabetization are: – First, all works by the author alone, ordered chronologically by year of publication.

– Next, all works by the author with a coauthor, ordered alphabetically by coauthor.

– Finally, all works by the author with several coauthors, ordered chronologically by year of publication.

Back Matter

After the last chapter, the back matter of the textbook can contain an appendix, a glossary, and/or an index.

Do not include a reference list containing the cited literature in the back matter, as references are then not linked to citations in the chapters. Instead, include reference lists at the end of each chapter.


• The Appendix can be used to provide materials to support the book i.e. additional information and data; recall basic principles or formulae; or fix terminology and notation. However, where possible important information should be provided in the relevant chapter.

• An appendix cannot include a reference list.

Index (if applicable)

• If an index is desired, please submit the index entries with the manuscript.

Final Check and Submission

• Check the table of contents for the correct sequence of part, chapter and heading numbering and update the chapter titles and subheadings if necessary.

• Save each chapter or contribution, including the accompanying references, figure legends, and tables, in a separate file in the original source file format and give each file your name and the chapter number (e.g., Myers-Chap1). Save the original figure files separately and name them with your name, the chapter, and figure number (e.g., wann-Fig1.1).

• Ensure the text and figures of your manuscript are complete and final and that you have kept to the agreed-upon length.

• Submit your manuscript to your VBCT Publication centre. Please include: – Original Word files and figure files.

– A PDF file of your manuscript and figure files, ideally with all fonts embedded, that can be used as a reference. This is especially important if text or figures contain special characters or unusual fonts. Please check the PDF to ensure that text appears as it should.

• Ensure all third-party permissions have been obtained.

• For contributed volumes, ensure that all signed Consent to Publish forms are enclosed in a separate folder.

VBCT Publication Centre

Dr.Abhitosh Debata

Creativity itself doesn't care at all about results - the only thing it craves is the process. Learn to love the process and let whatever happens next happen, without fussing too much about it

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